Identify the project logic

You now have the basic information needed to establish the project’s logic – meaning the first column of the logical framework.

Generally the core problem, rephrased as an objective, becomes the purpose (or specific objective) of your project. This is the main reason why you started the project; the thing that you most urgently want to solve.

The solution of the core problem contributes (in the long run) to the solution of a problem in the larger society. This is the long term goal (or general objective) your project contributes to. Sometimes a project contributes to the solution of several issues that exist within that particular context and society.

The cards in the objective tree that were placed below the core problem/purpose – and that are part of the selected strategy – become the outputs and activities. The outputs are the concrete things the team and beneficiaries will achieve during the life of the project. When the outputs are combined, the project’s purpose should be achieved.

To achieve each output, you’ll need a process that generally includes several activities. To do the activities, the project needs a number of means (inputs), such as staff, transport, tools, equipment, ICT, training, building materials, seeds… These come at a price, so now is a good time to get an indication of how much this all will cost.

The information from the objectives tree is necessary to develop the logical framework, but generally it takes some tinkering to perfect the logframe. Maybe some outputs and activities may have to be added. Or maybe the scope of the purpose has to be redefined, to make its achievement more realistic. During the workshop, make sure the project’s basic logic is sound.