Identify the stakeholders

Step 2 - identify the stakeholdersWho are the people, groups, organisations, government bodies, companies… that are somehow involved or touched by this project? When you do a background analysis you will get a basic idea about who will be involved. This first contacts may lead you to identifying others.

It is important to list the potential stakeholders, and then to determine who will get priority when you start analysing the problems. Is the view of the local authorities more important than that of the ministry? Is the view of the local NGOs more important than that of the (local) government? Is the view of the farmers more important than that of the local trades people? Also, make sure you get the view of both men AND women.

There are a number of tools that can help you with stakeholder analysis, such as mapping tools, Venn diagrams, organisation charts (to identify administrative levels for instance) and so on.

When you’ve selected the most important groups, you can then analyse:

  • Their main problems
  • Their interests and needs
  • Their strengths and weaknesses
  • How they relate to other groups (cooperation/conflict; dependent/independent…)

This information will help you decide whose interests and view should get priority during the problem analysis.

Stakeholder meeting in Ituri, Democratic Republic of the Congo